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William Shakespeare

Full Name: William Shakespeare
Gender: Male
Hometown: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Born: 1564-04-20
Died: 1616-04-23
Number of Works: 2209
William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard"). His surviving works consist of 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon. At the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, who bore him three children: Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Between 1585 and 1592 he began a successful career in London as an actor, writer, and part owner of the playing company the Lord Chamberlain's Men, later known as the King's Men. He appears to have retired to Stratford around 1613, where he died three years later. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive, and there has been considerable speculation about such matters as his sexuality, religious beliefs, and whether the works attributed to him were written by others.

Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories, genres he raised to the peak of sophistication and artistry by the end of the sixteenth century. Next he wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608, including Hamlet, King Lear, and Macbeth, considered some of the finest examples in the English language. In his last phase, he wrote tragicomedies, also known as romances, and collaborated with other playwrights. Many of his plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy during his lifetime, and in 1623, two of his former theatrical colleagues published the First Folio, a collected edition of his dramatic works that included all but two of the plays now recognised as Shakespeare's.

Shakespeare was a respected poet and playwright in his own day, but his reputation did not rise to its present heights until the nineteenth century. The Romantics, in particular, acclaimed Shakespeare's genius, and the Victorians hero-worshipped Shakespeare with a reverence that George Bernard Shaw called "bardolatry". In the twentieth century, his work was repeatedly adopted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance. His plays remain highly popular today and are consistently performed and reinterpreted in diverse cultural and political contexts throughout the world.


ISBN: 0743477111, 9780743477116
Keywords: juliet, romeo
Pages: 283
Published: 1597
  • Rating: 80%

Romeo and Juliet is a tragedy written early in the career of playwright William Shakespeare about two young "star-cross'd lovers" whose deaths ultimately unite their feuding families. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet and Macbet
ISBN: 0521618746, 9780521618748
Keywords: hamlet
Pages: 286
Published: 1599
  • Rating: 80%

"Hamlet" is the story of the Prince of Denmark who learns of the death of his father at the hands of his uncle, Claudius. Claudius murders Hamlet's father, his own brother, to take the throne of Denmark and to marry Hamlet's widowed mother. Hamlet is sunk into a state of great despair as a resu
ISBN: 0743477103, 9780743477109
Keywords: macbeth
Pages: 272
Published: 1605
  • Rating: 80%

Folger Shakespeare Library: the world's leading center for Shakespeare studies. Each edition includes: Freshly edited text based on the best early printed version of the play; Full explanatory notes conveniently placed on pages facing the text of the play; Scene-by-scene plot summaries; A key to famous
ISBN: 0743477545, 9780743477543
Keywords: dream, night, midsummer
Pages: 256
Published: 1595
  • Rating: 80%

ISBN: 0743477553, 9780743477550
Keywords: othello
Pages: 368
Published: 1603
  • Rating: 80%

ISBN: 0743482751, 9780743482752
Keywords: ado
Pages: 198
Published: 1600
  • Rating: 80%

The action is set in Sicily, where Don Pedro, Prince of Aragon, has recently defeated his half-brother, the bastard Don John, in a military engagement. Apparently reconciled, they return to the capital, Messina, as guests of the Governor, Leonato. There Count Claudio, a young nobleman ser
ISBN: 074348276X, 9780743482769
Keywords: lear, king
Pages: 384
Published: 1608
  • Rating: 80%

An edition of Shakespeare's tragedy, including discussion of its plot, themes, characters, language, production, and author.
ISBN: 0198320272, 9780198320272
Keywords: caesar, julius
Pages: 158
Published: 1601
  • Rating: 80%

In this striking tragedy of political conflict, Shakespeare turns to the ancient Roman world and to the famous assassination of Julius Caesar by his republican opponents. The play is one of tumultuous rivalry, of prophetic warnings?"Beware the ides of March"?and of moving public oratory
ISBN: 074347757X, 9780743477574
Keywords: shrew, taming
Pages: 304
Published: 1590
  • Rating: 80%

Renowned as Shakespeare's most boisterous comedy, The Taming of the Shrew is the tale of two young men, the hopeful Lucentio and the worldly Petruchio, and the two sisters they meet in Padua. Lucentio falls in love with Bianca, the apparently ideal younger daughter of the wealthy Bap
ISBN: 0743482778, 9780743482776
Keywords: night, twelfth
Pages: 272
Published: 1602
  • Rating: 80%

Each edition includes: -Freshly edited text based on the best early printed version of the play -Full explanatory notes conveniently placed on pages facing the text of the play -Scene-by-scene plot summaries -A key to famous lines and phrases -An introduction to readin