Keith Crane Free eBooks (1)

Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: iraq, progress, economic, accelerating
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

Testimony presented to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on July 20, 2005.......
ISBN: 0833010956, 9780833010957
Authors: Keith Crane, K. C. Yeh
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: hungary, china, poland, military, reform, economic
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This report compares the extent to which economic reforms in Poland, Hungary, and China significantly improved the operation of their economies. It also evaluates the reforms' effects on these countries' militaries, and vice versa. In general, reforms improved economic efficiency, but the improvements were most notable in the private sector; improvements in the state-owned industrial sector were m......
ISBN: 0833018485, 9780833018489
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: levels, eastern, europe, force, budgets, implications, reductions, military, economic
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This Note assesses the impact of the East European military budget and force reductions, for good and ill, on the economies of these countries. The study quantifies the current budget and force reductions, assesses the potential economic benefits stemming from reducing military spending and analyzes the adjustment costs of reducing output in military goods. The study finds that military spending c......
ISBN: 0833010336, 9780833010339
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: expenditures, forces, military, germany, east
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This report assesses the current and future contribution of the East German armed forces to the Warsaw Pact and attempts to determine whether their role in the Pact has changed in recent years. The study assesses the veracity of East German military spending figures and estimates costs of personnel, procurement of military durables, and arms trade. It compares East German military capabilities wit......
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: owned, industry, state, poland, economic, reform, assessment
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This Note assesses the economic reform in Polish state-owned industry begun in 1982. It describes the system and traces out how the competing policy goals of the Polish government have served to generate a plethora of contradictory regulations that have greatly reduced the potential effectiveness of the reform. Using survey data from interviews with Polish managers, the Note finds that administrat......
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: eastern, europe, towards, policy, economic, soviet
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This Note considers possible reasons that the Soviets, in spite of constraints on their economy, have treated Eastern Europe so generously since the mid-1970s and discusses whether they are likely to continue to do so. The author presents measures of the costs of current Soviet economic policies with regard to Eastern Europe and discusses the methodology used to compute them. He considers reasons ......
ISBN: 0833007866, 9780833007865
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: europe, eastern, spending, military
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This report provides military expenditure estimates for the Northern Tier countries of the Warsaw Pact (Czechoslovakia, the German Democratic Republic, and Poland) and Hungary, assesses the political and economic factors that determine these spending levels, and discusses the probable course of military spending in these countries over the next several years. These estimates suggest that the defen......
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: economic, leverage, western, policy, polish
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This Note considers ways in which Western policy can influence the Polish economic debate. Western leverage in Poland is limited, as that country lies in the overwhelming political, economic, and military shadow of the Soviet Union. Nonetheless, economic policy instruments have some potential for influencing economic and other policies in Poland. Two Western economic policy goals stand out: the ev......
ISBN: 0833007165, 9780833007162
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: europe, eastern, dilemma, economic, soviet
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This report examines probable changes in Soviet economic policies toward Eastern Europe during the next decade. It studies the issue of Soviet economic subsidies to Eastern Europe and explores several hypotheses that could explain why they have been granted. Finally, it discusses ways in which Soviet willingness to subsidize Eastern Europe will likely be affected by increased Soviet economic strin......
ISBN: 0833006185, 9780833006189
Author: Keith Crane
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: 1980s, europe, eastern, creditworthiness
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

This report develops various scenarios to analyze the hard currency debt problems of Poland, Hungary, and Romania. It considers the effect of adjustment policies on (1) those countries' struggles with their balance of payments; (2) their ability to generate more rapid increases in output through increased hard currency exports; and (3) their levels of military expenditure while there is so much pr......
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