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Lauri Karttunen Free eBooks (1)

Author: Lauri Karttunen
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: form, 1040a, phonology, finnish
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

A method of characterizing the sounds of the Finnish language that reduces the phoneme inventory from the fifty-three posited by structural linguistics to a minimum of nine underlying consonants and five vowels — or, if vowel gravity is marked in the phonology rather than with a morpheme feature FRONT, nineteen systematic phonemes at most.The representation used omits the fine diacritics of ......
Author: Lauri Karttunen
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: refer, indices, referential
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

A reexamination of Chomsky's concept of a referential index that ties together noun phrases referring to the same, assumedly real-world, entity.The intricate and recalcitrant bundle of problems about noun phrases includes the distinctions of definite/indefinite, generic/nongeneric, and specific/nonspecific noun phrases; anaphoric vs. deictic noun phrases and pronouns; and restrictive vs. appositiv......
Author: Lauri Karttunen
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: definite, phrases, noun, makes
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

A continuation of the analysis of referentiality in noun phrases begun in P-3756 and P-3854.There are at least three different cases to be considered.(1) Anything in the immediate environment of the speaker and hearer toward which their attention is directed becomes a discourse referent whether it is explicitly mentioned or not.(2) In every discourse there is a basic set of referents known to all ......
Author: Lauri Karttunen
Source: www.rand.org
Keywords: phrases, noun, identity
Formats:PDF
Copyrights: Copyrighted

A discussion of the difficulties that arise in dealing with noun phrases according to the theory of transformational grammar.Why do people distinguish without difficulty between meanings of sentences that theory finds ambiguous?Although it is incompatible with the notion of deep structure as defined by Chomsky, there must be a semantic interpretation before the syntactic rules can operate.Very lit......
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